Psychoanalysis is a body of ideas developed by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and continued by others. It is primarily devoted to the study of human psychological functioning and behavior. Psychoanalysis has three main components:
- - A method of investigation of the mind and the way one thinks and feels.
- - A systematized set of theories about human behavior.
- - A method of treatment of psychological or emotional illness.
Under the broad umbrella of psychoanalysis, there are at least 6 theoretical orientations regarding human mentation and development. The various approaches in treatment called "psychoanalysis" vary as much as the theories do. The term also refers to a method of studying child development.
Psychoanalysis refers to a specific type of treatment in which the "analysand" (analytic patient) verbalizes thoughts, including free associations, fantasies, and dreams, from which the analyst induces the unconscious conflicts causing the patient's symptoms and character problems, and interprets them for the patient to create insight for resolution of the problems.
The specifics of the analyst's interventions typically include confronting and clarifying the patient's pathological defenses, wishes and guilt. Through the analysis of conflicts, including those contributing to resistance and those involving transference onto the analyst of distorted reactions, psychoanalytic treatment can clarify how patients unconsciously are their own worst enemies: how unconscious, symbolic reactions that have been stimulated by experience are causing symptoms.
However, my work is mostly based on Attachment Theory.
Attachment theory describes the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans especially as in families and life-long friends. Its most important tenet is that an infant needs to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to occur normally, and that further relationships build on the patterns developed in the first relationships. They are also re-enacted in the attachment relationship with the analyst.
Patient comes for psychoanalysis from 3 to 5 times per week, and he/she lies on the couch during the session. We also propose psychoanalytic psychotherapy which is also based on psychoanalytic theory, but takes care mostly of the symptoms of the disorder. It takes place from 1 to 2 times per week, and the patient sits face-to-face with the therapist/analyst. One session both in analysis and therapy lasts from 45 to 50 minutes. We decide on the kind of work during the initial interview.
If you are interested in studying of your inner world or need help, feel free to call me: 370-675-39909
Rema Zidoniene, psychologist in private practice. Completed psychoanalytic training at the Amsterdam Psychoanalytic Training Programme for Eastern Europe in 2005. Member of The International Psychoanalytical Association, European Psychoanalytical Federation and Vilnius Society of Psychoanalysts. Teacher of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis at Vilnius University.